Category: Investments

The 5 tips to make your investment more profitable

With a little practice, you can become an investment expert. Do not be afraid of the terms of the market.

It does not matter if you have $ 500,000 or $ 10 million, investing will always be better than leaving the silver depreciating under the mattress or in savings accounts that in addition to not generate any profitability, you discount taxes such as 4 per 1000.

So whether you are new to the subject and want to take the big step, or have already soaked a little, this information will help you feel more confident when investing and especially to choose the product that best benefits you.

First of all, you have to know that there are two types of investments. The fixed income and the variable income. Fixed income investment instruments are debt issues made by the Nation and the companies, aimed at participants in the capital market.

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You can sell and buy securities directly with the entities that are supervised by the Financial Superintendence of Colombia, among which are the credit institutions, the fiduciary companies, the stock brokerage companies, the independent brokerage firms, the management companies of pension and severance funds, insurance companies, the General Directorate of Public Credit and National Treasury of the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, the Social Security Institute – ISS, the Financial Institutions Guarantee Fund – FOGAFIN, the Financing of the Agricultural Sector – FINAGRO and the Bank of the Republic.

For the most conservative savers, this is the most striking option since they are instruments with a low associated risk and a profitability that, although reduced in comparison to other types of investments, is known in advance. The bonds that are granted give the right to collect the interests and the capital in the future and the collection of interest is determined for the entire life of the issue.

On the other hand, there are the instruments of variable return or also called financial assets in which neither the return of the invested capital nor the return on the asset is guaranteed. We do not know the interest that they are going to pay us, even if the return is negative and we lose money on the investment. This is because profitability depends on various factors such as the evolution of the company, the economic situation, the behavior of financial markets, etc. Stocks, currencies, and commodities are the products that offer the most profitability.

When it comes to investing in variable income, it is best to go to the bank or a professional advisor, with the ability to offer a solution tailored to your profile and your particular investment objectives.

Where to invest?

To know where to invest, you must make a thorough study of the market, making a good analysis of your economic possibilities, your appetite for risk and your profit objective with the operations that you are going to carry out.

Everything depends on the tastes, their economic capacities and their preparation and financial experience. The only clear thing is that the less you risk, the less will be the booty (if it comes to be).

If you are going to invest in CDT:

-In general, an investment is profitable when its profitability is greater than inflation. This, because inflation is the loss of value of money over time. For example, if a product rents 6% and inflation is 3%, the real return on your investment is 3%, because of 6-3 = 3. It’s low, but it’s safe. In the very long term, equities are the only asset that manages to beat inflation.

-It is important to see the rating of the entity that offers the CDT, the better the risk rating you have, whose maximum can be triple-A, it means that it is more solid and that your investment is safer.

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If you are going to invest in commodities:

  • Take into account that there are f external actors referring to geopolitical, climatic and conjunctural issues that can affect the behavior in the prices of goods. A clear example of climatic factors that affect the prices of raw materials is the “El Niño” phenomenon that has occurred in previous years, which has caused droughts and other variations that directly affect the production of raw materials.

If you are going to invest in the stock market:

  • Diversifying is paramount. So you will not lose all your capital in one go. On the other hand, if you bet all your money on a single investment, and it goes wrong, that’s where the problems will start. When you see that an action goes up, consider selling at once.

Europe warns US protectionism

The president of the European Central Bank, Mario Draghi, said that these exchanges cannot be said to be a commercial war yet, so he asked President Trump to question who the enemies are.

President Trump weakens business relationships by signing an executive order

President Trump signed as he had promised the previous week, the executive order in which he imposes tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum. In this order, it was clear that both Mexico and Canada will be exempt until they reach a new trade agreement – NAFTA – more “fair”. This order imposes a tariff of 25% on steel and 10% on aluminum and will take effect within 15 days. The decision is against a letter passed by 107 Republican congressmen in which they asked the President not to sign this increase since it will worsen the country’s trade relations globally and will probably start a commercial war.

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The president of the European Central Bank (ECB), Mario Draghi, hardened his speech today after ruling out the possibility of increasing the volume of bond purchases if financial conditions worsen; the international market has taken for granted that the stimulus program advances in this way to its end. This speech this morning is far from what was expressed in the last meetings on rate decisions, which has led the euro to turn around and has reached up to 0.20%.However, at the end of the day, the European currency resumed the fall with the dollar against the fears of the currency war and lost about 0.8% to 1.23. Mario Draghi continued to defend a more restrictive monetary policy, doing everything possible to play down the importance of the change of discourse, ensuring that it is not going to be a classic monetary policy contractionary cycle. He also assured that they will continue to monitor the exchange rate due to its effect on inflation, but he also stressed that the stimulus program is necessary to achieve that core inflation reaches the target close to 2%.

And in front of the Commercial War?

President Draghi has warned about incipient global protectionism and its possible effect on the currency market and exchange rates. Although he underestimated the short-term impact of the protectionist policies promised by the United States. assuring that these exchanges cannot be said to be a commercial war yet, so he asked President Trump to question who the enemies are if friends want to impose these tariffs on them.

Growth and inflation forecasts

Growth projections have been revised up again to 2.4% in 2018, compared to 2.3% announced at the previous meeting. While for 2019 and 2020 expectations of growth of 1.9% and 1.7% remain. As for inflation forecasts, they have remained stable at 1.4% for 2018, but have been reduced to 1.4% for 2019 from the previously forecast 1.5%.

Global debt markets are awaiting US labor market data

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In the United States, the interest rates of treasury securities decreased throughout the day. The movement occurred on the eve of the non-farm payroll data that will be known tomorrow. The market already expects the interest rate to increase in the meeting of the Federal Reserve next Thursday, however, speculation about the pace at which the next increases will be carried out is still in doubt, and the forecasts that will be known in The press release may shed new light on the path the entity will take in the coming months.

Local market; in line with a lower perception of risk

In the Colombian debt market, the interest rates of government debt securities in pesos showed decreases with respect to the close of the previous day, a movement that is in line with the flattening registered in the yield curve of treasuries and less uncertainty regarding President Trump’s tariff plans once the executive order is signed. Regarding the yield curve of the securities in UVR, the rates continued to show reactions to the recent inflation data for the month of February. Interest rates for the short part of the curve showed increases of up to 5 basis points as investors discount a decrease in inflation in the coming months. This movement that is characteristic of this time of year could continue over the next months, which would end up consolidating a flattening in the yield curve.

The Colombian peso depreciates in line with its peers

The Colombian peso continued to register bullish intentions in line with what happened on the previous day. The currency responded to the strength of the US dollar and at the same time to the fall in oil prices. This movement led the currency from the $ 2,860 opening to a maximum of $ 2,880 in line with the volatility context of the day, where Latin American currencies, with the exception of the Brazilian real, showed depreciation against the US dollar.The total volume negotiated throughout the day was the US $ 915 million, slightly lower than the average of the last 90 days (the US $ 968,000 million). The maximum of the day respects the range of transaction that the currency has maintained since mid-February ($ 2,830 – $ 2,880). If volatility is maintained and prior to the electoral process over the weekend, we could expect the level of 2900 to be exceeded by the end of the week.

The currency markets will continue to be characterized by increases in volatility and uncertainty as tomorrow we will know the pulse of the labor market in the United States for the month of February, a figure that will refine the sentiment of investors on the next rate hikes. interest on the part of the FED going forward.

Oil is affected by the largest production in the United States

The price of oil for the second consecutive day closes with devaluations, trading at levels lower than the US $ 60 per barrel amid a strengthening of the dollar, reacting to the rebound of shale oil production in the United States. Inventories of US crude rose by 2.4 million barrels during the week ended March 2, a figure that does not improve confidence on the stability of the international price in the face of the persistent increase in production in the United States that has already reached 10. , 3 million barrels a day , reaching a maximum of 4 weeks, a historical high that surpasses the second largest producer of the commodity – Saudi Arabia.

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As investors continue to forecast oil prices above the US $ 60 per barrel in the WTI reference, both OPEC and Russia are expected to keep production quotas limited until the end of 2018.

Expectations of growth in the national production of crude valorize Ecopetrol

The stock market capitalization index of the Colombian Stock Exchange, Colcap, remained relatively stable, increasing 0.04% and closing at 1,474.31. The most negotiated action during the day was Ecopetrol, which was valued 1.02% after the statements of the National Hydrocarbons Agency, in which it indicated that crude production this year would increase 5.4% reaching a daily average of 900,000 barrels per day. On the other hand, Cemex Latam Holdings had the best performance during the day, which was valued at 2.22%, reaching $ 9,680 at the close. Finally, the most devalued share was Corficolombiana Preferred with a fall of 3.75% and a closing price of $ 20,000.

How to identify a business idea?

Undertaking an idea or business is like having a baby when you think of carrying out the business, you worry, you plan, and once you see its fruits, you feel proud. But you should keep looking ahead and supervising.

However, to identify a business idea should not be left there, it should be investigated first to know about the viability of the matter and to evaluate if this idea will really solve a problem or need. On the other hand, business ideas must adjust to the pace of life of today’s consumers, as it is obviously not the same as 10 or 15 years ago.

People today go from one place to another with their mobile phones and spend a good part of their day reviewing their profiles in Social Media. Therefore, to exploit its full potential by identifying this idea that will not go away, it is necessary to pass it through a filter that evaluates that it really is an idea that will win it in the business world.

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Equally, it is necessary that you know if that idea is suitable for you as a professional and even as a person, lest you abandon it to the first problem that arises. A business idea is a challenge that requires dedication and discipline. That is why we want to help you identify what that business idea is that will lead you to success and become the route to achieve your dreams.

Ask yourself: What do you know and what you like to do?

If you are going to develop an idea, the best thing is that this idea makes you fall in love because if not, believe us !, it will be reflected in the ROI. The passion for what you do is the key to getting things right so your idea should be related to your skills, your professional training, and even your personality to make things work.

Search if you have a good base of contacts to which you can satisfy a need and from there you could get that longed for an idea. Take advantage of your experiences and acquaintances to start from scratch.

Find an interesting niche

There are trends in other countries that could be adaptable to your community and you can undertake them with your seal. Not all businesses have to go, necessarily, directed to the masses, there are small niches that can provide great satisfaction but their job is to detect them and offer them their business idea.

And once you have detected them, study the community in depth to get where they are and give them the content they are looking for, that’s where good content marketing comes in.

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Improve old processes

Look at the technology and how far it has come: it has managed to optimize and even simplify the processes that used to take hours, such as, for example, making a deposit to the bank. Think about what old process you could make a difference to make life simpler for your future consumers.

Do it better than others

A typical error when wanting to undertake is that enthusiasts think that a business idea is 100% innovative and never seen before, which could be, but there is also the possibility that it does better than others. Maybe there is a service out there that you would do better, optimize processes and make your users feel more comfortable. Does anyone come to mind?

Explore in your daily life

We all have a routine that sometimes wears out, think of yours and ask yourself: Do I have a problem or need that could be solved/satisfied with an innovative idea?

You are a user or consumer of many things and we are sure that if you think about it a bit, you could offer a solution to any concerns you have and create your winning idea.

Make entrepreneurial friends

We do not talk about copying your ideas, but about getting around these people who are on the same wavelength as you and are filled with inspiration. Maybe when you hear them talk about their anecdotes, comes the energy of creativity and should look for paper and pencil as soon as possible so that the idea does not go away.

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It is also recommended that you explore on the Internet, see the profiles on social networks of entrepreneurs who have achieved it in a surprising way and take the confidence you need to carry out your project.

To conclude, keep in mind that:

  1. Creativity comes when it comes out into the real world.
  2. A Brainstorming can help you get to that idea.
  3. There are no bad ideas, you just have to develop it and adapt it to a specific audience.
  4. Do more research and write down everything that catches your attention.
  5. If you identify an idea, pass it through a filter to see if it really is viable in time and space.

So, Success and start!

Emergency tricks to start saving

According to the World Economic Forum, the people of eight of the largest economies on the planet will soon suffer the lack of $ 400 billion dollars for pensions. Right now the situation of many retirees is desperate. But it’s so hard to save! We consult an expert.

How good or good are you to save? It is estimated that most people need the equivalent of about 70% of their labor income to survive once they retire. However, the states are less and less prepared to face this expense: the World Economic Forum warned that the eight largest economies on the planet will have a deficit of $ 400 billion dollars for pensions in the next 30 years.

That figure is equivalent to multiplying by five the value of all the stock exchanges of the world added. And the news about the pension funds of the developing countries is also not rosy. That is to say that many of us could have to live on what we save.

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Are you ready or prepared to do so? To help him tackle this difficult task, the BBC Business Daily program consulted the famous behavioral economics expert and author Dan Ariely of Duke University in the United States.

Ariely just published “Small change: money mishaps and how to avoid them” ( Small change: monetary mishaps and how to avoid them) and has devoted to studying some simple tricks that we can use to encourage us to save.

Bad savers

To begin with, the expert explained why it costs us so much to save so much.

“One of the main challenges of behavioral economics is that the environment matters, we do not act simply based on our preferences, the decision has to do with what surrounds us,” he said.

Ariely refers to all those things that invite us to spend: from a cafeteria to a new cell phone model. “How many of those around us care about our well-being in the long term? Very few,” he concludes.

For the expert, it is important to realize that “there are not many entities that are on our side” when we propose to save. On the contrary, most want our “money, time and attention”.

“They want quarterly income, not that you do well in the long term,” he sums up. Then a key to start saving is to realize that “the world is not neutral, but is designed to try to get things out.”

Murderous temptation

The economist warns that living in a world of temptation not only conspires against our efforts to save but that it is even leading us to an earlier death.

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That concluded a study conducted in the USA. that analyzed causes of death and more specifically how likely we are to accelerate our end as a consequence of our own actions.

“Before that probability was 10% but now it’s 43%,” he explains. What is the increase? ” Obesity, diabetes, smoking, using the cell phone while driving … are all temptations that kill us,” he says.

But even though our choices are causing us more and more damage, it is also true that we live more and more, thanks in large part to medical advances. That is why another factor that we have to take into account to start saving is the increase in life expectancy.

“If we all died at age 65, at retirement age, life would be simpler,” Ariely acknowledges. But many live to 80, or more.

That means that we work for 30 or 40 years and then we must subsist another 20 years or more. In theory, that should lead us to save about half a year for our retirement for each year worked. But how?

The Kibera experiment

Ariely told about three saving techniques that were put to the test in the poorest settlement in Kenya, called Kibera. His team partnered with M-Pesa, a mobile phone service that allows money transfers very easily, and with an investment bank.

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Together they put into practice a savings system so that the inhabitants of Kibera could deposit a small sum of money daily.

They used three savings formulas:

  • Easy deposit, difficult withdrawal

They designed the system in such a way that depositing money was easy but removing it, very complicated.

People could make daily transfers to the bank with just a couple of clicks on their cell phone but in order to withdraw the money, they had to take a bus to the city and go to the bank in person, something that could take up to four hours.

  • Easy deposit, difficult withdrawal + reminder

The second system was like the previous one but in addition, the bank sent a weekly reminder incentivizing to make deposits.

  • Easy deposit, difficult withdrawal + personal reminder

The same system was applied again but this time the reminder came not from the bank but from the children of the potential saver, who encouraged him to make a deposit thinking about them and their future.

Which of these ideas was the most successful? Third. “The children make us more idealistic, the children were key in the anti-smoking campaigns and in the promotion of the use of the safety belt, for example,” says Ariely.

But in addition, the last option has an advantage: it offers a reward. “When you deposit money in a savings account, you do not receive any positive comments, but when you give something to your children, they thank you.”

The trick of the prepaid card

Another saving technique recommended by Ariely is to have a weekly budget allocated for discretionary expenses.

This formula has two keys: the first is to start applying the budget on Monday because if it is applied on Fridays it is highly probable that we will spend more during the weekend and we will run out of funds for the rest of the week.

The second key – and perhaps the most important one – is that to pay for all those discretionary expenses we use a prepaid debit card.

That is to say, a card to which the budgeted funds are deposited and which we can only use until that money is exhausted. In this way, we avoid the excesses in which we tend to fall many when we use credit cards.

It may interest you: You saved 50 million and went to travel the world how you did it

“Spending buddies”

A third idea he had Ariely was to gather a group of friends once a month to discuss together your expenses for a credit card.

“Each woman had to justify each one of her expenses,” explained the expert, who revealed why the technique – which he called ” spending buddies ” – was successful.

“After doing this exercise only once, the women told that they could hear the voice of their friends every time they bought something, which led them to change their behavior.”

Be careful with those dinner outings

A final advice from Ariely is that we analyze what we are spending our money to know if indeed that spending is making us happy.

The economist asked a group of people to analyze the details of their credit card expenses and tell them which expense they most regretted. The answer was surprising: most regretted a dinner outing.

“When we go out to dinner we end up eating too much and drinking too much and then we regret the experience,” he warned.

So if you want to start saving a little, you know where you can start …

Annual maximum decreases versus annual return

The variation of short-term prices is the price that must be paid in exchange for long-term profitability

Since last January 25, the date on which the SP500 reached a maximum of 2,872 points, the bags fell by just over 8% in a few days. Last Tuesday the media rushed to report that the US stock market had experienced the largest decline in its history, with the Dow Jones, an index composed of the 30 largest US companies, 1,175 points.

Given that the media knows for certain that viewers pay more attention to negative news than to positive news, because our brain is programmed to survive and otherwise it would have led to failure, they rushed to tell the story of the way they find it most convenient, and give the absolute value of the fall instead of the relative. And that data, in percentage, is the 531st worst day in the history of the Dow Jones.

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Evidently, it is not the same, in points, a fall of 4% on a value of 13,000 points that was in 2008 that of the environment of 24,000 as it is currently. And the data, to be representative, has to be given as a percentage.

The media do not favor the investors, frightening them with distorted and short-term data that take them away from the market and create the uninformed saver with the feeling that the stock market is a casino in which all the money can be lost at any time and that you have to run at the minimum correction.

The variation of short-term prices is the price that must be paid in exchange for long-term profitability. It is an inevitable part of the process, and we must remember it again and again so as not to be carried away by fear and lose the opportunities that arise.

In the attached graph you can see the annual revaluation of the SP500 from the year 1980 to 2107 in the vertical bar, while the point represents the maximum decrease during the year.

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Reviewing the history always gives us a good reference, and if we analyze the historical data since 1980, we see that in all but one year (in particular 2012) there have been more intra-annual decreases than the final annual result and that Although the average value of the maximum annual decrease was 13.8%, profitability has been positive in 29 of the 37 years.

The last two years have not been normal in the markets, being exceptionally stable.

A return to normality should be seen as positive since it will generate an environment in which opportunities to buy at good prices due to corrections that last days, weeks or even several months will appear. For this, having some liquidity will give us the right tools to take advantage of the situation when it arises.

Bitcoin has moderate debut in the future market of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange

Bitcoin began trading on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) futures market on Monday, the world’s most important financial derivative, drawing less attention than its recent debut on a smaller platform.

Bitcoins futures contracts have been available at CME since last night, taking advantage of the opening of Asian markets.

The premiere at CME follows the start of Crypto-Quotes on CBOE’s future market, also in Chicago, on Monday. A week ago, the launch of the contracts made bitcoin overtake the $ 20,000 barrier, the euphoria that is more contained today.

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An hour after the start of operations at CME, bitcoin contracts for January had fallen 6% to $ 26,650 each. Now, the retreat is already 8%, to $ 18,990.

WEC is offering futures contracts with a one, two, three and six-month term. However, in the first session, those due in January far exceeded the later deadlines.

Near the middle of the session, CME had traded 873 bitcoins contracts, averaging $ 18,825. This represents a turnover of US $ 83 million, a low value for the US market.

The amount is much lower than the one recorded at the CTOE’s Cryptotone debut, despite being a much smaller platform than the competitor in Chicago.

“There are more people involved in the CME launch than there was in the CBOE,” said Cumberland Chief Operating Officer Bobby Cho.

But if last week, bitcoin’s entry into the CBOE drew more attention from investors, the premiere at CME, more importantly, generated far less interest from the operators.

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Among other reasons, the market is focused on Wall Street advances today, where Dow Jones Industrial, the leading indicator of the stock market, has already gained 200 points. In addition, analysts had anticipated that the entry of bitcoin into the US futures market would reduce cryptomedean volatility by stabilizing prices.

According to Coinbase, the virtual currency was worth less than $ 1,000 in the same period last year. The appreciation in the last 12 months was around 2,280%.

The fact that bitcoin is a criptomoeda without the control of a central bank, without regulation of any kind and used by people who want to launder money, makes the market believe that this speculative bubble will burst sooner or later.

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